Resources for understanding research misconduct.

  • Many allegations of research misconduct question the integrity and/or authenticity of figures. To minimize the chances of this type of allegation being made, be sure to follow journal guidelines and editorial policies for preparation of figures. In most cases, it is acceptable to group or consolidate data (i.e., crop images, remove lanes from gels and blots, etc.), but alterations should be apparent (space left or line separating bands included) and be explicitly indicated in the figure legend.

    Example journal guidelines and/or policies:

    Additional Resources: