Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins

Human And Animal Materials Pathogens Quick Guide [PDF]

For the current list of items subject to this ECCN, notes, and availability of licenses exceptions, refer to 1C351 in the Commerce Control List. The April 5, 2018 list included:

a. Viruses identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins for Export Control,” as follows:

  1. a.1. African horse sickness virus;
  2. a.2. African swine fever virus;
  3. a.3. Andes virus;
  4. a.4. Avian influenza (AI) viruses identified as having high pathogenicity (HP), as follows:

    a.4.a. AI viruses that have an intravenous pathogenicity index (IVPI) in 6-week-old chickens greater than 1.2; or

    a.4.b. AI viruses that cause at least 75% mortality in 4- to 8-week-old chickens infected intravenously.

    Note: Avian influenza (AI) viruses of the H5 or H7 subtype that do not have either of the characteristics described in 1C351.a.4 (specifically, 1C351.a.4.a or a.4.b) should be sequenced to determine whether multiple basic amino acids are present at the cleavage site of the haemagglutinin molecule (HA0). If the amino acid motif is similar to that observed for other HPAI isolates, then the isolate being tested should be considered as HPAI and the virus is controlled under 1C351.a.4.

  5. a.5. Bluetongue virus;
  6. a.6. Chapare virus;
  7. a.7. Chikungunya virus;
  8. a.8. Choclo virus;
  9. a.9. Classical swine fever virus (Hog cholera virus);
  10. a.10. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus;
  11. a.11. Dobrava-Belgrade virus;
  12. a.12. Eastern equine encephalitis virus;
  13. a.13. Ebolavirus (includes all members of the Ebolavirus genus);
  14. a.14. Foot-and-mouth disease virus;
  15. a.15. Goatpox virus;
  16. a.16. Guanarito virus;
  17. a.17. Hantaan virus;
  18. a.18. Hendra virus (Equine morbillivirus);
  19. a.19. Japanese encephalitis virus;
  20. a.20. Junin virus;
  21. a.21. Kyasanur Forest disease virus;
  22. a.22. Laguna Negra virus;
  23. a.23. Lassa virus;
  24. a.24. Louping ill virus;
  25. a.25. Lujo virus;
  26. a.26. Lumpy skin disease virus;
  27. a.27. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus;
  28. a.28. Machupo virus;
  29. a.29. Marburgvirus (includes all members of the Marburgvirus genus);
  30. a.30. Monkeypox virus;
  31. a.31. Murray Valley encephalitis virus;
  32. a.32. Newcastle disease virus;
  33. a.33. Nipah virus;
  34. a.34. Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus;
  35. a.35. Oropouche virus;
  36. a.36. Peste-des-petits ruminants virus;
  37. a.37. Porcine Teschovirus;
  38. a.38. Powassan virus;
  39. a.39. Rabies virus and all other members of the Lyssavirus genus;
  40. a.40. Reconstructed 1918 influenza virus;

Technical Note: 1C351.a.40 includes reconstructed replication competent forms of the 1918 pandemic influenza virus containing any portion of the coding regions of all eight gene segments.

  1. a.41. Rift Valley fever virus;
  2. a.42. Rinderpest virus;
  3. a.43. Rocio virus;
  4. a.44. Sabia virus;
  5. a.45. Seoul virus;
  6. a.46. Severe acute respiratory syndrome- related coronavirus (SARS-related coronavirus);
  7. a.47. Sheeppox virus;
  8. a.48. Sin Nombre virus;
  9. a.49. St. Louis encephalitis virus;
  10. a.50. Suid herpesvirus 1 (Pseudorabies virus; Aujeszky’s disease);
  11. a.51. Swine vesicular disease virus;
  12. a.52. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (Far Eastern subtype, formerly known as Russian Spring-Summer encephalitis virus—see 1C351.b.3 for Siberian subtype);
  13. a.53. Variola virus;
  14. a.54. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus;
  15. a.55. Vesicular stomatitis virus;
  16. a.56. Western equine encephalitis virus; or
  17. a.57. Yellow fever virus.

b. Viruses identified on the APHIS/CDC “select agents” lists (see Related Controls paragraph #2 for this ECCN), but not identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins for Export Control,” as follows:

  1. b.1. [Reserved];
  2. b.2. [Reserved]; or
  3. b.3. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (Siberian subtype, formerly West Siberian virus—see 1C351.a.52 for Far Eastern subtype).

c. Bacteria identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins for Export Control,” as follows:

  1. c.1. Bacillus anthracis;
  2. c.2. Brucella abortus;
  3. c.3. Brucella melitensis;
  4. c.4. Brucella suis;
  5. c.5. Burkholderia mallei (Pseudomonas mallei);
  6. c.6. Burkholderia pseudomallei (Pseudomonas pseudomallei);
  7. c.7. Chlamydia psittaci (Chlamydophila psittaci);
  8. c.8. Clostriduim argentinense (formerly known as Clostridium botulinum Type G), botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;
  9. c.9. Clostridium baratii, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;
  10. c.10. Clostridium botulinum;
  11. c.11. Clostridium butyricum, botulinum neurotoxin producing strains;
  12. c.12. Clostridium perfringens, epsilon toxin producing types;
  13. c.13. Coxiella burnetii;
  14. c.14. Francisella tularensis;
  15. c.15. Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (“strain F38”);
  16. c.16. Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides SC (small colony) (a.k.a. contagious bovine pleuropneumonia);
  17. c.17. Rickettsia prowazekii;
  18. c.18. Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhi (Salmonella typhi);
  19. c.19. Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) of serogroups O26, O45, O103, O104, O111, O121, O145, O157, and other shiga toxin producing serogroups;

Note: Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) includes, inter alia, enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), verotoxin producing E. coli (VTEC) or verocytotoxin producing E. coli (VTEC).

  1. c.20. Shigella dysenteriae;
  2. c.21. Vibrio cholerae; or
  3. c.22. Yersinia pestis.

d. “Toxins” identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Human and Animal Pathogens and Toxins for Export Control,” as follows, and “subunits” thereof:

  1. d.1. Abrin;
  2. d.2. Aflatoxins;
  3. d.3. Botulinum toxins;
  4. d.4. Cholera toxin;
  5. d.5. Clostridium perfringens alpha, beta 1, beta 2, epsilon and iota toxins;
  6. d.6. Conotoxins;
  7. d.7. Diacetoxyscirpenol;
  8. d.8. HT-2 toxin;
  9. d.9. Microcystins (Cyanginosins);
  10. d.10. Modeccin;
  11. d.11. Ricin;
  12. d.12. Saxitoxin;
  13. d.13. Shiga toxins (shiga-like toxins, verotoxins, and verocytotoxins);
  14. d.14. Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins, hemolysin alpha toxin, and toxic shock syndrome toxin (formerly known as Staphylococcus enterotoxin F);
  15. d.15. T-2 toxin;
  16. d.16. Tetrodotoxin;
  17. d.17. Viscumin (Viscum album lectin 1); or
  18. d.18. Volkensin.

e. “Fungi”, as follows:

  1. e.1. Coccidioides immitis; or
  2. e.2. Coccidioides posadasii.